Information on Jordan
Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), white, and green representing the Abbassid, Umayyad and Fatimid Caliphates respectively; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Hashemite family, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Noble Quran.
Jordan is located in the heart of the Middle East. It is northwest of Saudi Arabia. Iraq is located to its east and Palestine to its west. Syria is located to its north. Jordan has access to the Red Sea via the port city of Aqaba, located at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Geographic co-ordinates: 29,11 - 33,22 N, 34,59 - 39,18 E
Population: 6,309,963 (June 2012 est.)
Total : 89,278 sq. km (34, 445 sq. miles)
Land : 88,884 sq. km (34, 318 sq. miles)
Water : 329 sq. km (127 sq. miles)
Language : Arabic is the official language, but English is widely spoken by Jordanians, mainly businessmen.
Climate and Geography:
Jordan has a combination of Mediterranean and arid desert climates, with Mediterranean climates prevailing in the north and west of the country, while the majority of the country is desert. Generally, the country has warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters, with annual average temperatures ranging from 12 to 25 C (54 to 77 F) and summertime highs reaching the 40s (105-115 F) in the desert regions.
Rainfall averages vary from 50mm (1.97 inches) annually in the desert to as much as 800 mm (31.5 inches) in the northern hills, some of which falls as snow.
Jordan's currency is the Jordanian Dinar, or JD. It is subdivided into 1000 fils, or 100 qirsh or piasters. It appears in paper notes of 50, 20, 10, 5 and 1 JD denominations. Coins come in denominations of 0.5 JD, 0.25 JD, and 100, 50, 25, 10 and 5 fils. The rate of exchange is 1 JD = 1.4183 US $.
Fridays and Saturdays government offices, banks and most offices are closed.
Government departments open from 08:00 to 15:00 daily, Sunday to Thursday.
- January 1st: New Year
- January 30th: His Majesy King Abdullah's Birthday
- Shawal 1st: for Eid Al Fitr
- Thu'l-Hijjh 10th: Eid Al Adha
- Muharram 1st: New Hijri Year
- May 1st: Labor Day
- May 25th: Independence Day
- Rabi' 1 12th: Prophet Mohammed's Birthday
- November 14th: Anniversary of Late King Hussein Birthday
- Rajab 27th: Al Isra Wal Miraj (Prophet's Ascention to Heaven)
- December 25th: Christmas
- Wintertime: The Kingdom switches to wintertime on the last Friday in October by setting clocks one hour backward (GMT+2).
- Daylight Saving Time: The Kingdom switches to DST on the last Friday in March by setting clocks one hour forward (GMT+3).